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Yerevan is the capital and largest city of Armenia and one of the world's oldest continuously-inhabited cities. Situated along the Hrazdan River, Yerevan is the administrative, cultural, and industrial center of the country. It has been the capital since 1918, the thirteenth in the history of Armenia.





Tsitsernakaberd is  a   memorial  dedicated to the victims of the Armenian Genocide; it is located on a hill overlooking Yerevan, Armenia. Every year on April 24, hundreds of thousands of Armenians gather here to remember the victims of the 1915 Armenian Genocide that took place in the Ottoman Empire carried out by the Turkish government.The 44 meter stele symbolizes the national rebirth of Armenians. 12 slabs are positioned in a circle, representing the 12 lost provinces in present day Turkey. In the center of the circle, at a depth of 1.5 meters, there is an eternal flame.


Opera House

National Academic Opera and Ballet TheatreThe Armenian National Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre named after Alexander Spendiaryan in Yerevan was officially opened on 20 January 1933. The building was designed by the Armenian architectAlexander Tamanian.In January 1933, the building was officially opened. Soon after the theatre foundation, a ballet troupe was established. Swan Lake by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was the first ballet performance in 1935.In 1938, the theatre was named after Alexander Spendiaryan, great Armenian composer, author of opera Almast which was performed in 1933 as a first performance at the theatre. The 2nd phase of the construction was completed in 1940 by according to Tamanian's design and under the supervision of his son.


St Grigor

St Grigor LusavorichThe Cathedral is the symbol of the 1700th anniversary of the proclamation of Christianity as a State Religion in Armenia and house for relics of St. Grigor (Gregory). Its construction was finished in 2001.The consecration of the Cathedral - the symbol of the 1700th anniversary of the proclamation of Christianity as a state religion in Armenia - took place on September 23, 2001, and now, with its whole beauty and majesty, it is visible from the numerous corners of Yerevan.The Holy Remains of St. Gregory the Illuminator were brought here from Italy. Shortly after the consecration of the Cathedral Pope John Paul II paid a visit to the Cathedral.


Republic Square

Republic Square (Hanrapetutyan Hraparak) is the large central town square in Yerevan, Armenia. The square is intersected by the following streets: Abovian, Nalbandian, Tigran Mets Avenue, Vazgen Sargsyan and Amiryan streets.The oval shaped square has a stone pattern in the centre, meant to look like a traditional Armenian rug from above. The large singing and dancing water fountains are located at the northern forehead of the square in front of the National Gallery.


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